Credit: Riccardo Mayer/

If a two-year-old child living in poverty in India or Bangladesh gets sick with a common bacterial infection, there is more than a 50% chance an antibiotic treatment will fail. Somehow the child has acquired an antibiotic resistant infection—even to drugs to which they may never have been exposed. How?

Unfortunately, this child also lives in a place with limited and less , bringing them into frequent contact with faecal matter. This means they are regularly exposed to millions of resistant genes and , including potentially untreatable superbugs. This sad story