Prevention and Treatment of Infertility

Infertility can be described as a situation where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant and it is a serious source of trouble for most couples. There are various causes of infertility in both male and female although they vary in intensity in the both genders. Various causes of infertility in men include immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer. Conditions such as varicocele among others may make the testes to produce low or poor quality sperms which is also a cause of infertility in men. There are also conditions that prevent testes support such as hormonal problems and general health due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions.

Stigma both socially and culturally is very common to females who suffer infertility unlike in men and may occur as a result of diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. There are three categories of causes of infertility in women which include genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Genetic causes of infertility in women includes chromosomal abnormalities which may be as a result of various mutations of the sex chromosomes. Acquired factors that may lead to infertility in women include advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other. Genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction are some of the location factors in the female reproductive organs that may lead to infertility.

When treating infertility in both male and female, it is important to visit a health clinic the has reproductive health practitioners who are likely to identify the cause of the infertility and guide a person on the suitable treatment method. In men, infertility can be treated used various techniques depending on the underlying cause of the infertility such as surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy. In female, treatment of infertility can be done mostly through prevention but depend on what has caused the infertility. Some of the ways that one can use to prevent occurrence of infertility in women include leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking. Other methods that one can use to reduce infertility is ensuring that they don’t advance in age before getting a baby, freezing the eggs which preserve fertility as well as preventing or treating existing conditions that may lead to infertility.

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