US ranked world No 2 for salt content material of processed meat/fish merchandise

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The salt (sodium) content material of processed meat and fish merchandise is so excessive within the US that it ranks second on the planet, finds a 5-country examine revealed within the on-line journal BMJ Open.

China comes first, whereas the UK comes final within the general rankings. However salt ranges inside and between the nations studied assorted extensively, relying on the product and model, the findings present.

Excessive dietary salt consumption is a serious reason behind hypertension and the related dangers of cardiovascular and kidney ailments and dying. The World Well being Group (WHO) recommends a most salt consumption of 2000 mg/day. However the common world salt consumption in 2010 was round twice that.

The WHO has set a goal of a 30{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} world discount in salt consumption by 2025, and to gauge progress towards this, centered on the salt content material of processed meat and fish merchandise in three developed and two growing nations: the UK; U.S.; Australia; China; and South Africa.

The 2017 UK salt discount targets have been used to evaluate the proportion of merchandise reaching the degrees throughout the 5 nations.

The 5 nations included on this examine every have their very own methods to cut back dietary salt consumption and are a part of The Worldwide Community for Meals and Weight problems/noncommunicable ailments Analysis, Monitoring and Motion Assist (INFORMAS), which goals to collate and monitor the dietary content material of processed meals worldwide.

Merchandise for the examine have been sourced from main grocery store chains within the 5 nations, and the meals diet labels scanned to evaluate the salt (sodium) content material (mg/100 g).

In reference to the ‘site visitors mild’ system adopted by the UK, salt (sodium) degree was outlined as low if beneath 120 mg/100g; medium if between 120 and 599 mg/100g; and excessive if above 600 mg/100 g.

Processed meat merchandise have been labeled as: meat alternate options; bacon; canned meat; frozen meat; meat burgers; salami and cured meats; sausages and sizzling canines; sliced meat; dried meat; pate and meat spreads; kebabs; ‘different’ meat merchandise; uncooked flavoured meats; entire hams and comparable merchandise; roast hen; and uncooked unflavoured meats.

Processed fish merchandise have been categorised as: canned; chilled; frozen; and ‘different’.

A complete of 33,955 processed meat and fish product labels have been scanned, of which 7455 (22{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894}) have been excluded due to lacking or duplicate data, leaving 26,500 (78{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894}) merchandise for evaluation. The whole quantity ranged from 885 for the UK to 17,098 for the U.S..

Total, China had the best salt degree (1050 mg/100 g) for all merchandise, rating it the nation with the saltiest merchandise for each meat (1066 mg/100 g) and fish merchandise (942 mg/100 g), adopted by the U.S., South Africa, Australia and the UK (432 mg/100 g).

However the common salt content material of meat merchandise was decrease in Australia (580 mg/100 g) than it was within the UK (590 mg/100 g). And vital variations in salt content material have been evident amongst all of the subcategories and between nations.

For instance, the salt content material of roast hen in China was 4.5 occasions that of the identical product within the UK (893 mg/100 g vs 197 mg/100 g); chilled fish in China was 4.5 occasions saltier than that of the U.S. (1744 mg/100 g vs 389 mg/100 g).

And the salt content material of pâté and meat spreads in China was round 4 occasions that of Australia (1916 mg/100 g vs 480 mg/100 g). But the salt content material of bacon, frozen meat, salami and cured meats, dried meat and frozen fish in China was the bottom of all of the 5 nations.

A considerable proportion of processed meat and fish merchandise fell into the purple and amber site visitors mild classes, with the best proportion of inexperienced mild merchandise discovered within the UK, accounting for simply over 12.5{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} of all meat and fish merchandise.

However the general sodium content material of meat and fish merchandise in every nation was excessive, with solely 10{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} of the merchandise within the UK and U.S., and not more than 5{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in China and South Africa, falling into the inexperienced mild class.

The UK had the best proportion of merchandise reaching its personal 2017 salt discount targets, except bacon merchandise: simply 14{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} reached this goal. This compares with 28{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} within the U.S., 50{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in Australia, 75{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in South Africa, and 85{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in China.

Primarily based on these findings, if consuming 100 g meat and fish merchandise each day, common sodium consumption would account for simply over 47{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} of the WHO really useful each day most in China and the U.S., 37{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in South Africa, almost 35{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} in Australia, and 27{58e281ace639831ddb6d8687333e7c2b02e87c7c548a0119c43312a5ff3c7894} within the UK.

“It’s not simple to easily change or reformulate the excessive sodium merchandise that exist already for years. Nevertheless, the massive distinction in sodium content material of comparable merchandise in numerous nations, and the distinction in sodium content material amongst totally different manufacturers throughout the similar nation, point out that there’s nonetheless numerous room for salt discount,” remark the researchers.

They acknowledge a number of limitations to their findings, together with that these are based mostly on purchases from chosen retailers at one time limit. What’s extra, they did not seize meals buying knowledge to quantify precise sodium consumption of processed meat and fish merchandise.

Third, knowledge assortment spanned a number of years, from 2012 to 2018, throughout which era product reformulation might have occurred, they recommend.

Nonetheless, they conclude: “The sodium content material of meat and fish merchandise in all the chosen nations was very excessive, with a 100 g serving dimension of meat and fish merchandise contributing to 1 half/ third of WHO really useful most each day sodium consumption.”

How wholesome are ‘faux meats’?

Extra data:
Cross-sectional comparisons of sodium content material in processed meat and fish merchandise amongst 5 nations: potential for possible targets and reformulation, BMJ Open (2021). … /bmjopen-2020-046412

Offered by
British Medical Journal

US ranked world No 2 for salt content material of processed meat/fish merchandise (2021, October 18)
retrieved 18 October 2021

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